Most children will get the common cold as it is highly contagious and easily picked up from other children if they are in a closed environment together such as kindergarten. The common cold usually has a runny nose, congestion, sneezing and coughing, but no fever. Its symptoms are also gradual, so measures can be taken to stop it from getting worse quite quickly. While there is no specific treatment, doctors will usually administer some medication to stop the runny nose or give decongestants based on the symptoms that particular child is experiencing. That may ease the child’s discomfort until the symptoms go away, usually in a week to 10 days.
Sore throat is another common childhood ailment and may cause the child pain and discomfort. Unless the sore throat is caused by an infection like streptococcus, also known as strep throat, there is no specific medication to administer. However, doctors may give the child some medication to soothe their throat such as cough drops that contain numbing agents to stop the pain.